Belgrade Forest is a mature forest mostly covered with sessile oak (Quercus petraea) as well as chestnut and other trees. It has been the water reservoir during Byzantine and Ottoman times, several historical aqueducts are still in good shape.
Best period: Spring - Autumn
Species: Grey-headed, Grey, Great-spotted, Middle, Lesser Spotted Woodpeckers, Short-toed Tree creeper, Spotted Flycatcher, Red-breasted Flycatcher, Marsh Tit, Blue Tit, Hawfinch, Black cap...
Number of species: 30-60
Istanbul is a unique spot for birdwatchers all around the globe. Istanbul being the only city located on two continents (Europe and Asia) is divided by Bosporus strait which connects the Aegean and Mediterranean seas to the Black Sea. For bird watchers it is a very important location to watch the migration of many species including raptors for 5 months a year.