This most popular resort of western Turkey has so much to offer to its visitors such as many historical sites, busy and colorful farmers’ markets, good fresh sea food restaurants and many opportunities for shopping.
Halicarnassos was first founded by the Dorian colonists in the 12th century BC and prospered later in the 6th and 5th centuries BC under Persian rule. This is when the monumental tomb of King Mausolos, one of the seven wonders of the world was built in the city. This huge tomb had given its name to this type of monuments since then; Mausoleums. The Mausoleum was dismantled by the Knights of the Order of St. John in order to use it as a quarry for building the castle of St. Peter in the 15th century. This castle is the most famous landmark and the most visited museum of the town. This best preserved medieval castle of the Eastern Mediterranean is housing one of the world's largest underwater archaeology museums. Archaeological finds such as amphoras, ancient glass, bronze, clay, iron items that have been recovered from nine different ancient shipwreck excavations performed by this museum are displayed in the halls and rooms of this 15th century castle.